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West Bengal Guide

A Complete Guide on Travel, People, Hotels, Schools and Others

The People of West Bengal

Jul 23, 2023

West Bengal is not just a land of diverse landscapes and vibrant culture; it is also home to a rich tapestry of people who make this state truly unique. The people of West Bengal, predominantly Bengalis, have a history that is deeply intertwined with the cultural, social, and political fabric of the region. In this article, we will delve into the various aspects of the people of West Bengal, including their population, cultural diversity, traditions, festivals, cuisine, art, and their unyielding spirit that has withstood the test of time.

Bengali Population in West Bengal

The majority of the population in West Bengal consists of Bengalis, who are the native speakers of the Bengali language. Bengalis take immense pride in their language, literature, and the intellectual legacy of great luminaries like Rabindranath Tagore and Kazi Nazrul Islam.

Cultural Diversity of West Bengal

While Bengalis form the majority, West Bengal is also a melting pot of diverse ethnic communities. The state is home to various tribes, including the Santhal, Baul, and Rajbanshi communities, each with its unique traditions and customs.

Ethnic Communities in West Bengal

Apart from the major Bengali population, other significant ethnic communities in West Bengal include Gorkhas, Marwaris, Biharis, and Assamese. Each community contributes to the state’s cultural mosaic in its own distinct way.

Language Spoken in West Bengal

The official language of West Bengal is Bengali, which is also one of the 22 scheduled languages of India. Bengali is not just a means of communication but a reflection of the state’s identity and pride.

Traditions and Customs of Bengalis

Bengalis are known for their rich cultural heritage and adherence to age-old traditions and customs. From celebrating Durga Puja with grandeur to observing Bengali New Year (Pohela Boishakh) with enthusiasm, each tradition holds a special place in the hearts of the people.

Bengali Cuisine and Food Habits

Bengali cuisine is renowned for its delectable flavors and unique culinary techniques. Fish, rice, and sweets are integral to Bengali food habits, and no celebration is complete without a lavish feast.

Festivals and Celebrations of Bengalis

Festivals in West Bengal are a reflection of the people’s vibrant spirit and zest for life. Durga Puja, Kali Puja, Saraswati Puja, and Bengali New Year are among the major festivals celebrated with great enthusiasm and fervor.

Traditional Attire of Bengalis

The traditional attire of Bengalis is a blend of elegance and simplicity. Women often wear sarees, with the white and red-bordered Tant saree being an iconic symbol of Bengal. Men prefer the traditional Dhoti-Kurta or Panjabi on special occasions.

Artistic and Literary Legacy of Bengalis

Bengalis have an inherent inclination towards art and literature. The state has produced legendary figures like Rabindranath Tagore, Satyajit Ray, and Raja Ravi Varma, whose artistic contributions continue to inspire generations.

Social and Family Values in West Bengal

Family and community hold great importance in the lives of Bengalis. Strong family bonds, respect for elders, and a sense of community are integral to the social fabric of the state.

Occupational Diversity in West Bengal

West Bengal’s economy is diverse, and its people engage in various occupations ranging from agriculture, fishing, and tea cultivation to trade, manufacturing, and the service sector.

Religious Practices in West Bengal

West Bengal is a land of religious harmony, where people of different faiths coexist peacefully. Hinduism is the predominant religion, but other religions like Islam, Christianity, Buddhism, and Sikhism also have significant followings.

Folk Traditions and Performing Arts of Bengalis

Folk traditions and performing arts play a vital role in Bengal’s cultural landscape. Baul music, Jatra performances, Chhau dance, and Patachitra paintings are among the traditional art forms that add vibrancy to the state’s cultural heritage.

Community Bonding and Harmony in West Bengal

West Bengal is known for its strong sense of community bonding and social harmony, where people from different backgrounds come together to celebrate each other’s festivals and joys.

Women Empowerment and Role in Society

Bengali women have played a significant role in shaping the state’s history and culture. From Rani Rashmoni to Begum Rokeya, women have been trailblazers in various fields, contributing to the state’s progress.

Education and Intellectual Pursuits in West Bengal

Education and intellectual pursuits have been highly valued in Bengal’s society. The state has a long tradition of producing scholars, scientists, and artists who have left their mark on the world.

Migration and Diaspora of Bengalis

Over the years, a considerable number of Bengalis have migrated to other parts of India and the world, carrying their culture and traditions with them, creating a vibrant diaspora.

Impact of Modernization on Bengal’s People

As West Bengal embraces modernization, it faces the challenges of preserving its cultural heritage while adapting to the changes brought about by globalization.

Resilience and Spirit of the People of West Bengal

The people of West Bengal have demonstrated remarkable resilience in the face of adversity. From the struggles of the freedom movement to overcoming natural disasters, their indomitable spirit shines through.


The people of West Bengal are the soul of the state, a tapestry woven with diverse ethnicities, traditions, and cultural expressions. Their pride in their heritage, their love for art and literature, and their warm hospitality make them a unique and endearing community. As West Bengal continues to evolve, its people will undoubtedly carry forward their rich cultural legacy, bridging the past with the future and showcasing the spirit of this vibrant land for generations to come.